Over the last century, one hundred million Latin Americans have left their homes for other nations throughout the Americas. Wealth disparity and social upheaval have driven many to nearly every corner of the hemisphere in search of opportunity and safety. Mexicans, along with Central and South Americans move to the U.S. and Canada; Nicaraguans and Hondurans move to Costa Rica; Guatemalans move to Mexico; Bolivians, Paraguayans, and Peruvians move to Argentina and Chile; Venezuelans and Colombians move back and forth; And not to mention an army of gringos that visits and moves to each country every year. In fact this list does not even come close to covering the full extent of migration across the Americas.
With the immensity of migration in mind, the following pieces attempt to touch upon various aspects pertaining to this topic.
By COHA Research Associate PoLin So
In the 20th century, many Chinese immigrated to Argentina seeking new economic opportunities. Chinatown has become a distinct part of Buenos Aires’ Belgrano Neighborhood, the culture and flavors of which have made an impact in a country whose citizens are of primarily European descent. Moreover, Chinese entrepreneurs run 35% of all Argentine supermarkets, known colloquially as Chinos. However, amid the growing influence of this community there exists a certain level of hostile xenophobic tension that has resulted in riots and boycotts on Chinese run businesses.
By COHA Research Associate Ben Lamport
Recent reports from various sources have shown a decrease in the flow of Mexican immigrants to the U.S. Among the many factors that may have contributed to this trend, improvements in the Mexican education system play a significant role.
Within Latin America
By Alena Hontarava
As more education and work-related opportunities reach a larger demographic in Latin America, today’s emigrants prefer to stay close to home. Many Latin American countries have recognized the importance of increased human mobility and now attempt to reflect it in their policies. While economic disparities are still significantly deep in many parts of the region, potential emigrants choose to travel to the neighboring countries and invest in the development of the region.
The Circular Flow of People and Money
By Trevor Cohen
Last year, latino immigrants working in the U.S. sent USD 58.9 billion back to their families in Latin America. These remittance payments help those with little economic opportunity to survive, and in many cases prosper. However, an increasingly restrictive border, a weaker dollar, and strong economic growth in many Latin American countries is changing the nature of immigration to the U.S. and hence the amount of money sent home.